The enormous growth in the field of biotechnology necessitates adequate knowledge of biotechnology and patent law. This book, first-ever of its kind, focuses on the evolution of biotechnology patent law offering protection to biotechnology products and processes. Extensively researched with relative comparisons and examples with reference to the United States, Europe and India, the book probes into the developments of patenting living beings, invented through biotechnology such as genetically modified micro-organisms, plants, animals and even human genetic material. Given the inherent complexities and technical nature of biotechnology inventions, the book explores the patentability requirements that a biotechnology invention must satisfy along with the additional requirements. The book also throws light on the liberal interpretation of the patentability requirements in the case of biotechnology inventions.
In the backdrop of the Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement, protection of various inventions of biotechnology has become a reality. This book provides an in-depth analysis of procedures for grant and maintenance of biotechnology patents. Apart from dealing with the examination of biotech patent applications and their possession before the patent office, the book looks into the enforcement of biotechnology patents and adjudication of infringements. Compulsory licensing, which disallows unscrupulous use of biotechnology, has also been lucidly elaborated. Finally, it delves into the social, ethical and moral standards of the society in view of patenting of living beings and identifies the possible risks associated with biotechnology inventions.
The book will be invaluable for practitioners of patent law, scientists, research scholars, academicians, and students in the field of biotechnology, patents and related intellectual property aspects.